Phonics involves breaking down words into their individual sounds or phonemes. Students learn to associate each sound with a particular letter or combination of letters, which allows them to sound out and spell words. Phonics instruction typically starts with basic letter-sound relationships and progresses to more complex patterns and combinations of letters.


Tier 1Tier 1

Core, universal instructional practices.


tier 2Tier 2

Supplemental interventions that work similarly for all students receiving them.


tier 3Tier 3 and Special Education

Intensive interventions that are increasingly tailored to each student's individual needs. Special Education is "Tier 3 on steroids."

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